The goal of treating Tourette's Syndrome is to help the individual manage the disorder. The majority of people with Tourette's have a mild form of the disorder and do not need pharmaceutical treatment. For many, psychobehavioral therapy and education are sufficient to help them manage the disorder. There is no cure for Tourette's.
For more severe cases, medications may be prescribed for the disorder. However, there is no medication on the market that has been invented specifically for treating Tourette's. Clonidine, or the clonidine patch is typically one of the first prescribed mediations for a patient with Tourette's. It is a type of medication prescribed historically as an antihypertensive and has become more accepted in treating insomnia.
Another class of medications called neuroleptics are also used in treating tics. However, the side effects can be adverse, both long–term and short–term. Stimulants and other medications may be used if the patient also has Attention–Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.
Because children with Tourette's typically have symptoms that wax and wane, it is not recommended that a patient begin the use of medication immediately or that their medication be changed often. The tics may subside in lieu of medication through other disorder management tools such as counseling, reassurance, and a supportive environment.
When a child with Tourette's also has Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, cognitive behavioral therapy is used. Other treatment methods used include habit reversal training or relaxation techniques, such as meditation, biofeedback, yoga, or other forms of exercise, which can relieve the stress that aggravates tics.